The refugee population in Uganda has been growing rapidly since 2013.
Nakivale refugee settlement was established in 1958 and officially recognized as a refugee settlement in 1960, Nakivale refugee settlement is the 8th largest refugee camp in the world with over 180 000 refugees living there. It is one of the oldest refugee settlements in the Uganda, near the Tanzania border in Southwest Uganda.
Kyangwali refugee settlement is home to over 12o ooo people. Over 80% are women and children. Kyangwali is in west Uganda near the border of Rwanda,
Adjumani, located forty kilometers from the border with South Sudan, is home to more than 210,000 people and is the second largest refugee settlement in Uganda.
Refugees using their phones. In the Nakival refugee area, wifi only works in a certain area.
Joseph Mutay at the doctors appointment. Malaria, diarrhea and typhoid are common and serious diseases at the area.
Family in Nakivale. Ugana grants the refugees their own piece of land where they can build a house and cultivate.
"During the dry season, water consumption increases, and there is not enough treated pump water for everyone. In 2016, my only option was to drink the lake water. I contracted brucellosis, which causes fever and burning. I had to stay at the hospital for two months," says 30-year-old seamstress Iramkuda Francine.
Charlotte Tibigambo has lived in Nakivale for over 15 years. She is a banana farmer and belongs to the wealthier part of the residents of Nakivale.
Shoe selling point in Kyangwali.
Young somali boys plays football in Nakivale. Some of them are born in there.
Laylo Sahal Abshirin runs a Somali restaurant in Nakivale. The husband works as an electrician, and the family has an above-average income. However, the youngest girl is seriously ill, and there is no money for treatment. "Nobody knows what's wrong. We got different natural medicines from the health center, but they haven't helped. I can't afford to take him to Mbarara hospital where we can take blood tests.” The family is currently saving 35 euros for the clinic fee.
An etiopian restaurant. Climate change effects on the residents of Nakivale, whose daily lives are driven by hunger. Differences in food access and wealth are large. Some of the refugees are running businesses and are in a less vulnerable position than those who obtain additional income by selling vegetables. The refugee's monthly grant seven euros byt the Ugandan governemnt is not enough for a large family for a month. However, starting a business is difficult, because in order to survive, families have to prioritize food, medicine and children's school fees.
A car stuck in a mud in Adjumani, near the border of South Sudan.
Laylo Sahal Abshirin and her sick children at her home in Nakivale refugee settlement area.
A moped taxi in Kyangwali.
The children hangin out in Nakivale. Many of them are already second generation refugees.
South Sudanese cousins live in the same house in Adjuman.
Mopeds are common in Kyangwalirefugee settlement area.